How Many Letters In Hindi Alphabets Hindi Varnamala Words

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To learn the Hindi language, Hindi Alphabets are the main part of any language learning. Here you can learn the Hindi alphabet or Hindi letter. If you are interested to learn the Hindi language, this post/article will help you to learn the Hindi alphabet/characters in Hindi and their pronunciation in English. A language is a communication tool in which knowledge, emotions, and feelings convey to others. Are you looking for how many letters are there in the Hindi alphabet? or How Many Letters In Hindi Alphabet or How Many Alphabets In Hindi. An alphabet is a group of letters in a certain order that is used to write and speak the words of the Hindi language, it is called the Hindi alphabet.

The Hindi alphabet consists of 45 letters based on pronunciation. There are 52 letters based on writing. There are 10 vowels and 35 consonants in 45 letters. There are 13 vowels, 35 consonants, 4 combined consonants and 2 binary consonants in 52 letters. There are 45 letters in the Hindi alphabet based on pronunciation. The number of letters when written is 52. The difference between these two bases is 7 characters. Out of 7 characters, 3 are extra vowels and 4 are combined consonants. , अं, and अ: are additional vowels. क्ष, त्र, ज्ञ and श्र are combined consonants.

How Many Letters In Hindi

Hindi is written in the Devanagari alphabet and draws vocabulary from Sanskrit. There is a form of the Devanagari alphabet called Abugida, because each consonant has an inherent vowel (A), which can be replaced with different vowel signs.

Hindi alphabets / Hindi letters are known as the Hindi alphabet. Hindi vowels are known as Hindi Swar (स्वर) and Hindi consonants as Hindi Vyanjan (व्यंजन). To learn the Hindi language, we first learn the letters of Hindi and then learn the English pronunciation of them with the letters and images of Hindi with words.

The traditional Hindi alphabet is thought to be composed of 13 vowels and 33 consonants and the standard Hindi alphabet has 11 vowels and 35 consonants.

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The Hindi alphabet consists of a total of 52 letters, of which 11 letters are Vowels and 41 are Consonants.

Vowels in Hindi

  • The vowels are also called Vowels (स्वर) in Hindi, pronounced as ‘Swine’ as ‘sw’ and ‘Ar’ as in ‘Argentina’.
  • Following are the 11 Vowels of the Hindi alphabet along with their pronunciation.

Hindi Vowels Meaning

Hindi VowelsHindi Vowels In EnglishHindi Vowels Examples
अ (a)pronounced as AArgentina
आ (aa)pronounced as A / AaAll
इ (e)pronounced as EEnglish
ई (ee)pronounced as EeEel
उ (u)pronounced as UUrdu
ऊ (oo)pronounced as OoWood
ए (a)pronounced as AApple
ऐ (ai)pronounced as ACat
ओ (o)pronounced same as English alphabet O
औ (au)pronounced as word OwOwl
ऋ (ri)pronounced as word ReeRishi

Consonants in Hindi

  • The consonant is also called vyanjan (व्यंजन) in Hindi, it is pronounced ‘consonant’.
  • The 41 consonants of the Hindi language are with the pronunciation;

Hindi Consonants – Vyanjan (व्यंजन)

व्यंजन Vyanjan
Hindi Varnamala Words-Chart-with-picture
Hindi Varnamala Words-Chart-with-picture

Conjunct Consonants

Also known as composite consonant characters (संयुक्त व्यंजन वर्ण) or mixed consonants.

क्ष  त्र ज्ञश्र

Borrowed Arabic & Persian


Sound Borrowed from English

Sound Borrowed From Urdu Added With Consonants


Additional Constant


क़, ख़, ग़, ज़ and फ़ are now limited to learners only, when correct pronunciation or transliteration from Arabic, Persian (Urdu) or English words is desired. In common parlance, they are usually replaced by the letters क, ख, ग, ज and फ Letters क़, ख़, ग़, ज़ and फ़ have been absorbed from the Urdu language into Hindi and their phonetic sound is usually ka, Kha is similar to Ga.

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Hindi Alphabets And Words

If you are trying to learn the Hindi alphabet or How Many Alphabets In Hindi or Hindi Varnamala Words, also known as Devanagari, check out our syllabus about pronunciation and sound of all letters to help you with your Hindi grammar. Try to focus on the text and remember the sounds.

Also do not forget to check out our other lessons listed on Learn Hindi. Enjoy the rest of the lesson.

Hindi Alphabet Letters

Hindi AlphabetEnglish SoundPronunciation Example
aas in Apple
aaas in Hat
eas in Energy
iias in Wii
eias in Mean
eias in Mean
aias in Mate
ias in History
oas in Home
oias in Moisture
oiias in Oyster
uuas in Noon
ouas in Mouse
uas in Ultimate
Bas in Basket
Bhaas in Bob Hansen
Caas in Chair
Chhaas in Rich Hansen
Daas in Dalila
Dhaas in Edward Hansen
Faas in Fast
फ़Fias in Finland
Gaas in Galaxy
Ghaas in Ghana
ग़Ghias in Ghistapo
Haas in Hand
Jaas in Jakarta
Jhaas in Jhahan
Kaas in Kashmir
Khaas in Khan
ख़Khias in Backstory
Las in Love
Lias in Link
Lias in Military
Liias in Lima
Liias in Bradley
Maas in Man
Naas in Namibia
N’aas in Stan Alan
Niaas in Niagara
Naeas in Nigeria
Nias in Nicaragua
omsas in Tom’s Book
Paas in Panama
क़Qias in King
Raas in Rank
Rias in Ring
Rias in Risk
Rias in Brie
Saas in Sam
Shaas in Shanghai
Shhaas in Wash Hand
Taas in Tamara
T’aas in Matt Alan
Thaas in Thailand
Thaas in Thailand
T’haas in Thailand
Thhaas in Keith Hansen
ड़ugDhaas in Drug Down
ढ़ugDhhaas in Hugged Hand
Vaas in Vast
Yaas in Yard
य़Yias in Year
ज़Zaas in Zambia

Learning the Hindi alphabet is very important because its structure is used in everyday conversation. Without this you will not be able to say the words properly, even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more you will understand in speaking the Hindi language.

Below is a table showing how to pronounce it in the Hindi alphabet and English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you put them in a word.

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Some Sentences & Phrases

Helloनमस्कार (Namaskaar)
Welcomeस्वागत हैं (Swagat Hain)
Thanksधन्यवाद (Dhanyawaad)
Congratulationsबधाई हो (Badhayee Ho)
Good Morningशुभ प्रभात (Shubh Prabhaat)
Happy Birthdayजन्मदिन मुबारक (Janamdin Mubarak)
I Love Youमैं आपसे प्यार करता हूँ (Main Aapse Pyar Karta Hoon)
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