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To learn the Hindi language, Hindi Alphabets are the main part of any language learning. Here you can learn the Hindi alphabet or Hindi letter. If you are interested to learn the Hindi language, this post/article will help you to learn the Hindi alphabet/characters in Hindi and their pronunciation in English. A language is a communication tool in which knowledge, emotions, and feelings convey to others.
Are you looking for how many letters are there in the Hindi alphabet? or How Many Letters In Hindi Alphabet or How Many Alphabets In Hindi. An alphabet is a group of letters in a certain order that is used to write and speak the words of the Hindi language, it is called the Hindi alphabet.
The Hindi alphabet consists of 45 letters based on pronunciation. There are 52 letters based on writing. There are 10 vowels and 35 consonants in 45 letters. There are 13 vowels, 35 consonants, 4 combined consonants and 2 binary consonants in 52 letters.
There are 45 letters in the Hindi alphabet based on pronunciation. The number of letters when written is 52. The difference between these two bases is 7 characters.
Out of 7 characters, 3 are extra vowels and 4 are combined consonants. ऋ, अं, and अ: are additional vowels. क्ष, त्र, ज्ञ and श्र are combined consonants.
What's In This Post?
- 1 How Many Letters In Hindi
- 2 Hindi Alphabets And Words
- 3 Some Sentences & Phrases
How Many Letters In Hindi
Hindi is written in the Devanagari alphabet and draws vocabulary from Sanskrit. There is a form of the Devanagari alphabet called Abugida, because each consonant has an inherent vowel (A), which can be replaced with different vowel signs.
Hindi alphabets / Hindi letters are known as the Hindi alphabet. Hindi vowels are known as Hindi Swar (स्वर) and Hindi consonants as Hindi Vyanjan (व्यंजन). To learn the Hindi language, we first learn the letters of Hindi and then learn the English pronunciation of them with the letters and images of Hindi with words.
The traditional Hindi alphabet is thought to be composed of 13 vowels and 33 consonants and the standard Hindi alphabet has 11 vowels and 35 consonants.
Vowels in Hindi
- The vowels are also called Vowels (स्वर) in Hindi, pronounced as ‘Swine’ as ‘sw’ and ‘Ar’ as in ‘Argentina’.
- Following are the 11 Vowels of the Hindi alphabet along with their pronunciation.
Hindi Vowels Meaning
|Hindi Vowels||Hindi Vowels In English||Hindi Vowels Examples|
|अ (a)||pronounced as A||Argentina|
|आ (aa)||pronounced as A / Aa||All|
|इ (e)||pronounced as E||English|
|ई (ee)||pronounced as Ee||Eel|
|उ (u)||pronounced as U||Urdu|
|ऊ (oo)||pronounced as Oo||Wood|
|ए (a)||pronounced as A||Apple|
|ऐ (ai)||pronounced as A||Cat|
|ओ (o)||pronounced same as English alphabet O|
|औ (au)||pronounced as word Ow||Owl|
|ऋ (ri)||pronounced as word Ree||Rishi|
Consonants in Hindi
- The consonant is also called vyanjan (व्यंजन) in Hindi, it is pronounced ‘consonant’.
- The 41 consonants of the Hindi language are with the pronunciation;
Hindi Consonants – Vyanjan (व्यंजन)
Also known as composite consonant characters (संयुक्त व्यंजन वर्ण) or mixed consonants.
Borrowed Arabic & Persian
Sound Borrowed from English
Sound Borrowed From Urdu Added With Consonants
क़, ख़, ग़, ज़ and फ़ are now limited to learners only, when correct pronunciation or transliteration from Arabic, Persian (Urdu) or English words is desired. In common parlance, they are usually replaced by the letters क, ख, ग, ज and फ Letters क़, ख़, ग़, ज़ and फ़ have been absorbed from the Urdu language into Hindi and their phonetic sound is usually ka, Kha is similar to Ga.
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Hindi Alphabets And Words
If you are trying to learn the Hindi alphabet or How Many Alphabets In Hindi or Hindi Varnamala Words, also known as Devanagari, check out our syllabus about pronunciation and sound of all letters to help you with your Hindi grammar. Try to focus on the text and remember the sounds.
Also do not forget to check out our other lessons listed on Learn Hindi. Enjoy the rest of the lesson.
Hindi Alphabet Letters
|Hindi Alphabet||English Sound||Pronunciation Example|
|अ||a||as in Apple|
|आ||aa||as in Hat|
|ए||e||as in Energy|
|ई||ii||as in Wii|
|ऍ||ei||as in Mean|
|ऎ||ei||as in Mean|
|ऐ||ai||as in Mate|
|इ||i||as in History|
|ओ||o||as in Home|
|ऑ||oi||as in Moisture|
|ऒ||oii||as in Oyster|
|ऊ||uu||as in Noon|
|औ||ou||as in Mouse|
|उ||u||as in Ultimate|
|ब||B||as in Basket|
|भ||Bha||as in Bob Hansen|
|च||Ca||as in Chair|
|छ||Chha||as in Rich Hansen|
|ड||Da||as in Dalila|
|ढ||Dha||as in Edward Hansen|
|फ||Fa||as in Fast|
|फ़||Fi||as in Finland|
|ग||Ga||as in Galaxy|
|घ||Gha||as in Ghana|
|ग़||Ghi||as in Ghistapo|
|ह||Ha||as in Hand|
|ज||Ja||as in Jakarta|
|झ||Jha||as in Jhahan|
|क||Ka||as in Kashmir|
|ख||Kha||as in Khan|
|ख़||Khi||as in Backstory|
|ल||L||as in Love|
|ळ||Li||as in Link|
|ऌ||Li||as in Military|
|ऴ||Lii||as in Lima|
|ॡ||Lii||as in Bradley|
|म||Ma||as in Man|
|न||Na||as in Namibia|
|ङ||N’a||as in Stan Alan|
|ञ||Nia||as in Niagara|
|ण||Nae||as in Nigeria|
|ऩ||Ni||as in Nicaragua|
|ॐ||oms||as in Tom’s Book|
|प||Pa||as in Panama|
|क़||Qi||as in King|
|र||Ra||as in Rank|
|ऋ||Ri||as in Ring|
|ॠ||Ri||as in Risk|
|ऱ||Ri||as in Brie|
|स||Sa||as in Sam|
|श||Sha||as in Shanghai|
|ष||Shha||as in Wash Hand|
|ट||Ta||as in Tamara|
|त||T’a||as in Matt Alan|
|ठ||Tha||as in Thailand|
|द||Tha||as in Thailand|
|थ||T’ha||as in Thailand|
|ध||Thha||as in Keith Hansen|
|ड़||ugDha||as in Drug Down|
|ढ़||ugDhha||as in Hugged Hand|
|व||Va||as in Vast|
|य||Ya||as in Yard|
|य़||Yi||as in Year|
|ज़||Za||as in Zambia|
Learning the Hindi alphabet is very important because its structure is used in everyday conversation. Without this you will not be able to say the words properly, even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more you will understand in speaking the Hindi language.
Below is a table showing how to pronounce it in the Hindi alphabet and English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you put them in a word.
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Some Sentences & Phrases
|Welcome||स्वागत हैं (Swagat Hain)|
|Congratulations||बधाई हो (Badhayee Ho)|
|Good Morning||शुभ प्रभात (Shubh Prabhaat)|
|Happy Birthday||जन्मदिन मुबारक (Janamdin Mubarak)|
|I Love You||मैं आपसे प्यार करता हूँ (Main Aapse Pyar Karta Hoon)|